OCTOBER 4th, 1582 ~ OCTOBER 4th, 2016: 434 years of an irrational and artificial time system


“Of all the unexamined assumptions and criteria upon which we base and gauge our daily lives as human beings on planet Earth, by far the greatest and most profoundly unquestioned is the instrument and institution known as the Gregorian Calendar.”
José Argüelles

“From October 5–October 14, 1582, time was erased. Not literally, of course; just on the calendar. These ten days were declared non-existent by then-pope Gregory XIII as part of a realignment of the Julian calendar, implemented by Julius Caesar in 46 B.C. In the mid-1570s, it was discovered that the Julian calendar was actually 10 days behind the seasons of the year. For example, Easter began falling later in the spring than it should have and eventually would have drifted into summer. The calendar creep was the result of the solar year (the time it takes Earth to make one revolution around the sun) being around 11 minutes shy of the full Julian calendar. To be precise, the solar year is actually 365 days, 5 hours, 48 minutes, and 46 seconds.
Pope Gregory saved the day (and season) by appointing a commission to solve the problem. It took five years, but eventually the group, led by physician Aloysius Lilius and astronomer Christopher Clavius, proposed eliminating three leap years every 400 years to keep the calendar on track. To transition to the Gregorian calendar, ten days were declared officially non-existent, with the day after October 4, 1582 declared October 15th. First implemented by Italy, Spain, and Portugal, the Gregorian calendar is today’s most widely used system.”

“A calendar is an instrument of control. The two most significant calendar reforms in history were the Julian calendar reform of 46-45 B.C., and its successor, the Gregorian, in A.D. 1582. Julius Caesar’s motives had everything to do with his personal ambition and the conversion of Rome from a republican to an imperial form of government. Julius Caesar’s calendar assured it to be the basis of imperial dominance. The course of the empire utilizing the Julian and later Gregorian calendar has prevailed as the dominant force now inseparable from the course of history itself. The 445-day “year of confusion” (46 B.C.), which attended Julius Caesar’s reform, was matched by the second significant reform, the Gregorian, in which ten days were “lost forever,” between October 5-14, 1582, so that the calendar could “catch up” with the sun.
While European Catholic countries easily accepted the reform, Protestant countries grudgingly acquiesced.

Throughout the Americas, however, the Julian-Gregorian calendar was imposed as an instrument of power and symbol of dominance over the peoples the Europeans had conquered, including the high civilizations of the Maya, Inca, and Aztecs—all of whom happened to use, among other calendars, a Thirteen Moon/28-Day count. As with Julius Caesar, for Pope Gregory XIII the moment was politically ripe for a reform that would communicate itself as a means of expressing and extending power and control, but this time over the entire globe. As European dominance and control spread around the planet, even nations with their own established timing systems accepted, for the sake of “international policy,” the Gregorian (Julian) calendar system for measuring the solar year. And so Western dominance over every aspect of global life became absolutely assured—until the moment of the Inevitable Event [9-11-2001].

From its roots in the imperial ego of Julius Caesar to the timely “reform” of Pope Gregory XIII, it is not surprising that this calendar, “despite its odd quirks and the twists of history that produced it,” (Duncan, Calendar, p. 289) has become the standard of global civilization. Given the irregularity of the Julian-Gregorian calendar and the pursuit of the accuracy of astronomical time, history could be nothing more than a compilation of odd quirks and twists, while global civilization itself is the triumph of artificial time over the natural world. Only a species whose time sensibility had been captured by instruments of artificial measure could have become so alienated as to have produced the monstrous conundrum known as the “fast world,” a civilization where money and technological advance prevail over human sensibility and the natural order. It is toward the correction of this destructive momentum that all efforts of calendar reform must now be directed.
In light of this critique, it is worth reprinting the opening section of the “United Manifesto by Advocates of Calendar Reform” that was first published in 1914 at the beginning of the First World War—some ninety years in advance of the Great Calendar Change of 2004. It can be seen that the issues of irregularity that prompted reform then are still issues today. However, the effects of not attending to these issues have only become compounded and even more complex, resulting in the chaos of a world at war with terror. Such is the nature of an error gone uncorrected over time—it only becomes more entrenched and turns into the dogmatic and hopelessly conflicted thinking of the everyday mind and its way of life.
United Manifesto by Advocates of Calendar Reform
WHEREAS we, the undersigned, have for some time been interested in a Reform and Simplification of the Calendar now in use in Western Europe, America, and elsewhere, with a view to equalizing the four quarters of the year, alleviating the irregularities of the months, and establishing a perpetual correspondence between the day of the week and the day of the month, and have supported one or other of several proposals which have been formulated for effecting these reforms; and WHEREAS said proposals usually provide for placing the 365th day of every year and the 366th day of Leap Year without the weekly and monthly enumeration; and WHEREAS we have found that in certain quarters—both ecclesiastical and scientific—objections, possibly often sentimental, but none the less firmly held, have been stated to the employment and adoption of these expedients … Therefore we have resolved to unite in urging and advising that the very simple changes under noted should now be made in the Julian and Gregorian Calendars by international agreement … (Philip, Reform of the Calendar, 101-2.)
If you have a crooked standard of measure, and follow it because your parents were also following it, you have become a crooked man. It takes a crooked man to walk a crooked mile and build a crooked house. The issue of calendar reform is both logical and moral. Bad logic leads to bad morality. An error in time dooms the mind. Apocalypses are the reward for bad timekeeping. To remove yourself from the fires of your own self-created apocalypse, change your calendar. In a world of harmony there is no apocalypse.
It is of utmost importance that the knowledge of time as the 13 Moons in Motion be disseminated through all media and education systems of the planet as rapidly as possible, and that the Gregorian calendar be relinquished as soon as possible. Once humanity is operating on the correct standard of time, it will have a proper basis of unification for accomplishing the enormous and heroic task that now challenges it. Greater than any spiritual teaching is the gift of time.”
“In order to prepare the ground for a proper consideration of the Law of Time and the evolutionary necessity of the synchronic order of time as the harmonic reorganizing factor of humanity in its post-historic phase, it is necessary to expunge from the mind the error known as the Gregorian calendar.”
~ Jose Arguelles

By Calendartruth

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